Which Film is Considered as an Independent Film? How is it different than films coming from Hollywood studios? Can indie films make money? Do indie films have famous people in them? What does it cost to make an independent film?
Well…. You are going to know all of these answers. Some facts about an independent film through this article will be also apprised to readers. If you consider your near career as a filmmaker it is an eligible post for you. So, learn how you can help the independent film industry grow in your area.
Table of Contents
An independent film is a film that is produced outside the major film studio system. It is also familiar as indie film/ indie movie. At the beginning, this type of films called art house films as well. From 1980 to 1990, the term ‘art house film’ became ‘independent film’ in USA.
Generally, low budget short film production considered as an independent film earlier. Now big budget full feature films also included in the list of independent films. In addition to, this films produced and distributed by independent entertainment companies.
Indie films are often different than big budget large studio films. This films distinguished because of their content and style of film making. The way the filmmakers perceive the personal artistic prospect is quite exceptional than other films.
Rise of Independent Films: A Short History
In 1908, The Motion Picture Patents Association (MPPPC) formed a trust consisting of major American film companies. The MPPC centralized and standardized film production, distribution, and exhibition. They instated one sided reign. Non member ‘independents’ were prohibited to compete.
During World War II, power came to general people’s hand. The invention of the cheap portable camera during World War II made it effectively possible for anyone in America with an interest in writing, producing and directing movies without the help of any major film studio.
End of Studio Domination
The studios domination lessened. Film business tools were accessible to those who dared to do this business. Working outside of the studio system, filmmakers started taking creative risks with low budget features. The filmmakers started making independent films from then which also motivated by the spirit of the French New Wave’s art films.
These circumstances soon resulted in a number of critically acclaimed and highly influential works, including Maya Deren’s Meshes of the Afternoon in 1943, Kenneth Anger’s Fireworks in 1947, and Morris Engel, Ruth Orkin and Ray Abrashkin’s Little Fugitive in 1953. Filmmakers such as Ken Jacobs with little or no formal training began to experiment with new ways of making and shooting films.
In 1953, Ray Abrashkin’s ‘Little Fugitive’ nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. It received such sanction and recognition from the industry as the first independent film. It also received Silver Lion at Venice.
As the 1950s progressed, the new low-budget illustration of filmmaking gained increased recognition internationally. For an ideal example I have to mention Satyajit Ray name as an independent director who critically acclaimed and internationally praised for his Apu Trilogy (1955–1959).
Successful Independent Films
After making some successful independent films, The Film-Makers’ Cooperative, an artist-run, non-profit organization was formed. So that, directors and producers would use to distribute their films through a centralized archive. It founded in 1962 by Jonas Mekas, Stan Brakhage, Shirley Clarke, Gregory Markopoulos, and others.
The Cooperative provided an important outlet for many of cinema’s creative luminaries in the 1960s, including Jack Smith and Andy Warhol. When Ken Anger returned to America, he would debut many of his most important works there. Mekas and Brakhage would go on to found the Anthology Film Archives in 1970, which would likewise prove essential to the development and preservation of independent films, even at the present.
Top 5 Things to Know about Indie Film
- Independent films are often unrated.
- Big Stars are willing to do Independent films.
- Independent film has a big business now a days.
- Independent films still require money and that investment is harder to find.
- The Breakfast Club, American Beauty, Juno, Memento, Little Miss Sunshine and the Terminator Series are some tremendous examples of new age Indie films.
Independent films started new experiments. Indie filmmakers successfully break down the common trends of studio dependent films. They took risk and made daring films with new challenges. Though it is true that indie films investment is harder to find, still some renowned directors keep making independent films. Some of them are box office hits too. Therefore, if you are also inspired by independent films and huge desire of film making then you can also try this experiment.